Panel 3

JEUNES, INTERVENTIONS ET ÉTAT

On reconnaît à l’État une fonction régulatrice centrale au sein des sociétés contemporaines. C’est également le cas dans le cadre des rapports au jeune et à la famille. Les politiques publiques destinées à l’enfance et à la jeunesse mettent cependant souvent en tension l’intervention sociale et l’intervention judiciaire, l’une venant parfois instrumentaliser l’autre. Quel équilibre établir entre ces modes d’interventions, fondés sur des logiques différentes, parfois opposées : la relation d’aide d’un côté et la coercition de l’autre ? Existe-t-il un autre terme dans cette équation ? Une hiérarchie s’impose-t-elle entre les pratiques de sanction, d’intervention, de négociation et de conciliation et ou se complètent-elles de façon horizontale? Bref, quel est le rôle de l’État contemporain dans la régulation de la famille, de l’enfance et de la jeunesse ?

YOUTH AND STATE INTERVENTIONS

The State plays a central role in regulating contemporary societies, and explicitly enters into relations with young people and their families in the contexts of protection and delinquency. Public policy surrounding youth and childhood is often imbued with a tension between social and judicial intervention, and the instrumentalization of each by the other. Is it possible to balance these (often contradictory) approaches, one aimed at helping and the other experienced as coercion? Is there common ground to be exploited? Are there ways to escape this conflict? Does a hierarchy of State practices exist, moving from sanction to intervention and then to negotiation and conciliation? Or does the effectiveness of these State tools depend on their coexistence? In general, what is the contemporary State’s role in the regulation of family, childhood and youth?


Seamus Byrne, School Exclusions in England: An Escalating Crisis

Resume

The practice of excluding children from school in England has embedded itself as an institutional and material reality within the English education system at both primary and secondary level. Indeed, recent years have witnessed a troubling increase in the number of children who are routinely excluded from school either permanently or subject to a fixed-term period. Either way, every exclusion directly impacts the child’s right to education. Aside also from the worrying increase in the exclusion figures, is the persistent and ingrained patterns of over representation of certain categories of children within the exclusion data. These include children with disabilities and children from ethnic minority backgrounds. Moreover, in addition to the direct impact which exclusion exerts on the child and their immediate family, the links between school exclusion and criminality and wider anti-social behaviour are well-anchored within socio-political and socio-legal scholarship.

However, recent evidence indicates that the practice of school exclusions is more extensive and prevalent than the official figures provide. Such evidence, indicative of wider unlawful practices within the English education system, including illegal exclusions, raise a number of important issues from both a children’s rights perspective and the duty of the state to provide education to children and young people. In this regard, this paper will align the legal framework which currently governs school exclusions with established children’s rights standards. Furthermore, to supplement this analysis, the author will draw from his own empirical research into school exclusions in England and highlight a series of deficiencies which currently persist within the exclusion system and position these within a wider children’s rights context. Subsequently, this paper will advance a number of ways in which the state as duty-bearer of the right to education can render the exclusion system more consistent with children’s rights standards to ultimately fulfil their human rights commitments pursuant to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Speaker

Seamus Byrne is a Lecturer in Law at the School of Law and Social Justice at the University of Liverpool, UK.  Seamus’s research interests lie primarily in the area of children’s socio-economic rights, their enforcement and realization, with specific attention on the right to education and the associated issue of school exclusions. Seamus’s scholarship is both theoretically and empirically driven and in furtherance of this, Seamus has undertaken a participatory  methodological approach into researching the rising phenomena of school exclusions in England.  Seamus holds both a BA(Hons) Degree (Legal Science, Politics & Sociology) and an LL.B (Hons) Degree (Law) from the National University of Ireland, Galway and an LL.M Degree in Human Rights Law from Queens University, Belfast. Seamus also holds a Barrister- at-Law Degree from the Honorable Society of King’s Inns, Dublin and is currently completing his PhD thesis at the University of Liverpool. More broadly, Seamus is also interested in progressive methodological approaches to research involving children and the interface between children’s rights and non-communicable diseases.


Will Mason, Bad medicine? Exploring state intervention and the production of social harm 

Resume

This paper critically explores the place of state interventions in the reproduction of inequalities for young people and families. Drawing on two empirical cases: (i) the case of child welfare interventions (ii) the case of a drugs crackdown operation; attention is paid to the unintended consequences of state interventions, particularly those associated with ‘harm reduction’. Across both cases, themes are identified through the ‘lens’ of social harm that help to illuminate tensions between social and judicial intervention in the lives of disadvantaged groups. This paper argues that the application of this ‘lens’ helps us to more critically engage with the experiences and outcomes of state interventions for recipients, with implications for their execution and design.

Speaker

Will Mason is a sociologist based currently at the Sheffield Methods Institute, University of Sheffield. Will’s research interests focus on the production and experience of inequality in contemporary society. His studies address a range of themes including community, youth, race, consumption, identities, crime and deviance. Will’s work is grounded in the ethics of reciprocity and collaboration. Much of his work has been rooted in community settings, though he also has experience of organisational research, within youth work and social work settings. Will is involved in a number of ongoing research projects. These include: (1) the Nuffield-funded Child Welfare Inequalities Project; (2) community-based participatory work with young people and families; and (3) the evaluation of a Community Group Conference initiative with Sheffield City Council.


Nico Trocmé, Dénouer la protection urgente et le bien-être des jeunes

Résumé

Bien que les mandats de protection de la jeunesse se soient considérablement étendus pour inclure des situations de risque de négligence, de violence psychologique et d’exposition à la violence conjugale, les modèles de prestation de services continuent à être dominés par les préoccupations concernant la protection immédiate plutôt qu’au bien-être à plus long terme. Cette approche mettant l’accent sur le risque à court terme limite la capacité de ces services à répondre efficacement aux besoins des jeunes à plus long-terme.  S’appuyant sur 20 ans de données des Études d’incidence Canadiennes sur le mauvais traitements (ECI), le Professeur Trocmé examinera cette tension entre les mandats de protection et de soutien au bien-être.

Conférencier

Nico Trocmé est professeur en service social à l’université McGill où il détient la chaire Philip Fisher en travail social et dirige le Centre de recherche sur l’enfance et la famille. Dr. Trocmé est le directeur de l’Étude canadienne sur l’incidence (ECI) des signalements de cas de violence et de négligence envers les enfants (1993, 1998, 2003 et 2008), le chercheur principal pour la Matrice d’indicateurs des résultats en protection de l’enfance, et coordonne le Portail canadien de la recherche en protection de l’enfance (cwrp.ca). Il mène présentement un projet de développement de capacités de recherche et de mobilisation des connaissances au sein de Centres Jeunesse et d’organismes autochtones au Québec, et dirige plusieurs recherches, dont des analyses secondaires des données ECI, l’évaluation d’un programme de soutien pour des familles afro-canadiennes, et le développement d’indicateurs cliniques pour le Centre jeunesse et de la Famille Batshaw et l’Association des Centres jeunesse du Québec.  Dr. Trocmé a été impliqué dans le développement et la revue de programmes et de politiques sur les services de protection de l’enfance au niveau des gouvernements provinciaux et organismes autochtones, et a intervenu à titre de témoin expert dans le contexte d’enquêtes et de tribunaux. Avant de compléter son doctorat, Dr. Trocmé a travaillé pendant cinq ans comme intervenant en protection et en santé mentale de l’enfance..



Modérateur – Moderator

Juge Lucie Rondeau

En mai 1995, Mme Rondeau a été nommée juge à la Chambre de la jeunesse à la Cour du Québec avec résidence à Québec. Elle a également été juge coordonnatrice adjointe de cette chambre pour les districts judiciaires de Québec, de Beauce, de Charlevoix, de Frontenac et de Montmagny sur des périodes totalisant près de huit ans.

Depuis 2016, elle est la juge en chef à la Cour du Québec.

Ce contenu a été mis à jour le 7 mai 2019 à 7 h 12 min.